What characterizes the political context of Jatropha actors in Indonesia?

By Henk Schulte Nordholt Quote: “Previous research on agrarian change, state-society relations and local politics in Indonesia portrays societal change and policy implementation as product of interactions between influential actors who gain mutual benefits within their networks.” The answer is:

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Which factors changed the perception of the economic viability of Jatropha biodiesel as an alternative fuel?

By Loes van Rooijen Quote: “In less than a decade, jatropha was transformed from a promising and commercially viable biofuel crop into a green-policy parasite, living on subsidies and green investments.”  One of the aspects of biofuel development that was

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How should “projects” be contextualized in the Jatropha sector?

By Henky Widjaja Quote: “However, the definition of ‘projects’ here is crucial: it is a translation of the Indonesian concept of proyek, a delineated set of activities during a fixed and limited period of time for which there is a

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How could the jatropha sector live on subsidies and green investments without producing oil or biodiesel?

By Jacqueline Vel Quote: “In less than a decade, jatropha was transformed from a promising and commercially viable biofuel crop into a green-policy parasite, living on subsidies and green investments.” Jatropha projects have been failing to deliver what they promised,

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Why have the mandatory blending targets and pricing subsidies not yet transformed the fuel market in Indonesia?

By Loes van Rooijen Quote: “Eventually, he [the director of RNI] became influential in the creation of national energy policy that appointed jatropha as a major source of biodiesel and included mandatory biofuel blending targets.” The Indonesian government has made

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What explains the non-implementation of Jatropha schemes?

By Jacqueline Vel Quote: “Typically, within a year or two, the jatropha project would be declared a failure – blaming local conditions and population – and the project developer would disappear, leaving shareholders with worthless shares and increasing farmers’ and

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What role have NGOs played in the promotion of Jatropha?

By Loes van Rooijen Quote: “Fieldwork also indicates that researchers, government officials, NGOs and broker companies, rather than farmers or plantation companies, have been the main actors in such projects.” In Indonesia, not everything was decided between state companies and

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