How did patronage networks play a role as business intermediaries in Jatropha projects?

By Henky Widjaja Quote: “A patronage network of politicians, government officials and businessmen had recruited farmers by collecting copies of their land titles or identity cards to make the company’s access to land and labor appear secure.” When companies aim

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Why did Jatropha cultivation appeal to farmers in West Kalimantan?

By Pujo Semedi Quote: “In Indonesia, promoted by government officials, the promotion of jatropha reached farmers across the vast archipelago. Subsequently, some farmers immediately began cultivating it [….]” The spread of jatropha in West Kalimantan around 2006 was well-received by

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How do multi-level governance processes link global energy and climate change discourses to grounded activities in production areas?

By Adriaan Bedner Quote: “Our research also describes how the multi-level governance processes that link global energy and climate change discourses to grounded activities in production areas are diverted from their objectives by such policy entrepreneurs at the intermediate levels

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How do policy entrepreneurs shape new markets?

By Marleen Dieleman Quote: “Such an approach challenges the assumption that policies are implemented in accordance with their normative content and instead acknowledges that the interests of a network of powerful policy entrepreneurs influence the policy process.” The process of

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What role have NGOs played in the promotion of Jatropha?

By Loes van Rooijen Quote: “Fieldwork also indicates that researchers, government officials, NGOs and broker companies, rather than farmers or plantation companies, have been the main actors in such projects.” In Indonesia, not everything was decided between state companies and

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