How did patronage networks play a role as business intermediaries in Jatropha projects?

By Henky Widjaja Quote: “A patronage network of politicians, government officials and businessmen had recruited farmers by collecting copies of their land titles or identity cards to make the company’s access to land and labor appear secure.” When companies aim

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Why and how did farmers in Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta, participate in Jatropha projects?

By Gunawan Quote: “Subsequently, some farmers immediately began cultivating it, using seeds of wild jatropha from their gardens or those distributed (….) When farmers could not sell the jatropha fruit they harvested, cultivation eventually halted. Despite this disappointing experience, optimism

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How could the jatropha sector live on subsidies and green investments without producing oil or biodiesel?

By Jacqueline Vel Quote: “In less than a decade, jatropha was transformed from a promising and commercially viable biofuel crop into a green-policy parasite, living on subsidies and green investments.” Jatropha projects have been failing to deliver what they promised,

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When did BP an D1 publicly report that their Jatropha investments had become worthless?

By René Orij Quote 1: “The jatropha ‘hype’ was financialized when the refinery manufacturer D1 Oils raised £11.5 million from their initial public offering in London Stock Exchange in October 2004, reaching a market capitalization of £72 million in September

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What explains the non-implementation of Jatropha schemes?

By Jacqueline Vel Quote: “Typically, within a year or two, the jatropha project would be declared a failure – blaming local conditions and population – and the project developer would disappear, leaving shareholders with worthless shares and increasing farmers’ and

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What are the benefits of analyzing Jatropha activities as a commoditization process?

By Jacqueline Vel Quote: “Reflecting on this experience, this article concludes that future policies can be improved by (….) addressing difficulties in the commoditization process” In the research program JARAK, activities in the emerging jatropha sector have been studied as

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How do policy entrepreneurs shape new markets?

By Marleen Dieleman Quote: “Such an approach challenges the assumption that policies are implemented in accordance with their normative content and instead acknowledges that the interests of a network of powerful policy entrepreneurs influence the policy process.” The process of

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