How did process technology researchers contribute to Jatropha promotion in Indonesia?

By Suraya Afiff Quote: “In collaboration with process technicians from the Netherlands (Groningen), the researchers extracted jatropha oil and used it in stationary engines. [….] In turn, process technology researchers used these extrapolations to create a narrative that made jatropha

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How did patronage networks play a role as business intermediaries in Jatropha projects?

By Henky Widjaja Quote: “A patronage network of politicians, government officials and businessmen had recruited farmers by collecting copies of their land titles or identity cards to make the company’s access to land and labor appear secure.” When companies aim

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Why did the director of one of the state’s largest sugar companies decide to promote Jatropha?

By Deasy Simandjuntak Quote: “A key figure was the director of a historically prominent state-owned agricultural enterprise that had dominated the production of commercial crops such as sugar….” The discussion on biofuel development, especially jatropha, in Indonesia has mainly focused

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How did the idea of using Jatropha for biofuel emerge in Indonesia?

By Suraya Afiff Quote: “Jatropha development for modern biofuel production in Indonesia started in 1994.”  Publications about jatropha usually start with the hype and subsequently explain the downfall. They skip the history leading to the hype, and do not explain

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How do multi-level governance processes link global energy and climate change discourses to grounded activities in production areas?

By Adriaan Bedner Quote: “Our research also describes how the multi-level governance processes that link global energy and climate change discourses to grounded activities in production areas are diverted from their objectives by such policy entrepreneurs at the intermediate levels

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How do policy entrepreneurs shape new markets?

By Marleen Dieleman Quote: “Such an approach challenges the assumption that policies are implemented in accordance with their normative content and instead acknowledges that the interests of a network of powerful policy entrepreneurs influence the policy process.” The process of

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Why is there a gap between national policy and law and local social realities?

By Jan Michiel Otto Quote: “Such an approach challenges the assumption that policies are implemented in accordance with their normative content…” The findings related to jatropha show a disturbingly wide gap between the objectives of national policy and law and

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What role have NGOs played in the promotion of Jatropha?

By Loes van Rooijen Quote: “Fieldwork also indicates that researchers, government officials, NGOs and broker companies, rather than farmers or plantation companies, have been the main actors in such projects.” In Indonesia, not everything was decided between state companies and

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